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Financial system1 hour previously (Dec 07, 2021 08: 32PM ET)


© Reuters. A offer man drives a car with a trailer containing Cid Ice Cream, a impress toddle by Cuban entrepreneurs Henry and Yendri Garcia, in Havana, Cuba December 6, 2021. REUTERS/Natalia Favre


By Marc Frank and Mario Fuentes

HAVANA (Reuters) – Cuban entrepreneurs Henry and Yendri Garcia comprise long peddled house-made ice cream of their tiny city of Bauta exterior the capital Havana, but now they are dreaming mammoth.

Communist-toddle Cuba in August lifted a ban on non-public corporations in field since 1968, a pass that has Cubans scrambling for enterprise alternatives. The Caribbean island’s speak-dominated economy shrank 13% over the final two years for the length of the coronavirus pandemic.

Thanks to that groundbreaking reform, the Garcia brothers, usually known as “ice cream guys” in Bauta, screech they hope to pass their tiny, house-basically based operation, cobbled alongside with patched up discarded tools, to a increased facility and form bigger their crew of 12 to possibly 30 or more.

The manager has already registered their “Helados Cid” operation as a non-public mission – one of around 900 tiny- and medium-sized corporations to had been integrated since September, in step with the Financial system Ministry.

“Now we had been usually known as a firm and this would possibly occasionally increase our reach,” Henry, among the two brothers, instructed Reuters. “There’ll likely be alternatives that had been beforehand unavailable.”

In a single of the largest economic transformations since Fidel Castro’s 1959 Revolution, Cuba is banking on the creation of an complete bunch – even thousands – of tiny corporations to abet the economy rebound from the devastating impression of the pandemic, soaring inflation and crippling U.S. sanctions heaped atop the Cool Struggle-period embargo.

The brand new principles, Henry acknowledged, imply they’ll now just with foreign currency, receive credit and promote ice cream to accommodations, speak-toddle shops and even online.

“My lifelong dream is to comprise an ice cream manufacturing facility and an industrial-sized firm,” Henry acknowledged.

There are tranquil lots of hoops to leap thru, in step with economists consulted by Reuters. Regulations require corporations to buckle down and do the speak to buy in foreign commerce, prohibit entrepreneurs from owning better than one firm, and cap particular particular person companies at 100 staff.

“There are staunch shortcomings that I hope they’re going to conquer speedily,” Cuban economist Ricardo Torres, a visiting professor at American University in Washington, acknowledged.

“But that is terribly distinct. It marks a new period. You would possibly well possibly also open to talk a pair of blended economy,” he acknowledged.


For the reason that economy minister launched the measures as share of President Miguel Diaz-Canel’s economic reforms in August, rankings of corporations comprise integrated, allowing them to partake in the speak wholesale blueprint, ally with speak-toddle companies, and survey loans and traders.

The corporations vary in focus from building, food processing, bakeries, and industrial repair to waterworks, online house offer and tool manufacturing.

In accordance to the manager, some 40 p.c are new initiatives while the rest had been already working, but in honest limbo and with rather more runt rights as self-employed “cuentapropistas.”

The manager has acknowledged it expects to approve thousands more tiny and medium-sized non-public corporations over the upcoming months, a lot like Cuba’s famed non-public restaurants, bars and hostels.

Dforja is one more tiny company making the most of the reforms. The Havana firm of six swapped its focus from building restoration to making patio and indoors iron and wood fixtures, with the hope of tapping the export market.

“The reforms comprise allowed us to outmoded and regularize the inflow of provides and sales of our product in coordination with speak corporations,” owner Luis Betancourt acknowledged exterior his rustic workshop.

“Now we comprise to work demanding and grow from a tiny to mid-sized firm,” he acknowledged.


Betancourt’s enthusiasm and grit in the face of a well-known economic crisis that has imports down 40% and inflation soaring is shared by seven Cuban entrepreneurs consulted by Reuters, who screech that for the first time they are experiencing speak toughen.

But many stumbling blocks remain as Cuba’s nascent non-public sector takes root.

The pandemic, blended with the U.S. sanctions that limit Cuban win entry to to goods and financing, comprise gash deeply into “convertible” currency flows well-known to import from out of the country, the save the native peso has no effect, acknowledged Oscar Fernandez from Deshidratados Habana, which processes dried fruits.

The quandary has forced both speak and non-public mission to survey choices, and usually more costly sources of funding. Greater loans, Fernandez acknowledged, are demanding to near by.

“In our case, working with a speak firm field up to abet tiny corporations, and a foreign monetary products and services firm, we managed to take hang of equipment in Europe for a new tiny manufacturing facility,” he acknowledged. “But I fear we’re an exception.”

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