The news: NASA has flown an airplane on one other planet for the first time. On Monday, April 19, Ingenuity, a 1.8-kilogram drone helicopter, took off from the outside of Mars, flew up about three meters, then swiveled and hovered for 40 seconds. The historical 2d was once livestreamed on YouTube, and Ingenuity captured the list above with one among its two cameras. “We are able to now remark that human beings comprise flown a rotorcraft on one other planet,” acknowledged MiMi Aung, the Ingenuity Mars Helicopter project manager at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, at a press conference. “We, together, flew at Mars, and we, together, now comprise our Wright brothers 2d,” she added, referring to the first powered airplane flight on Earth in 1903.
Of direction, Ingenuity carries a tribute to that current flight: a postage-value-size fragment of enviornment cloth from the Wright brothers’ airplane tucked underneath its solar panel. (The Apollo crew also took a splinter of wood from the Wright Flyer, because it was once named, to the moon in 1969.)
The principle points: The flight was once a main technical drawback, due to Mars’s bone-chilling temperatures (nights can fall all of the manner down to -130 °F/-90 °C) and its incredibly skinny ambiance—steady 1% the density of Earth’s. That intended Ingenuity had to be gentle, with rotor blades that had been bigger and quicker than would possibly maybe maybe well presumably be well-known to form liftoff on Earth (though the gravity on Mars, which is greatest about one-third of Earth’s, worked in its settle on). The flight had in the initiating been scheduled to spend living on April 11 but was once delayed by gadget points.
Why it’s predominant: Beyond being a main milestone for Mars exploration, the flight will also pave the methodology for engineers to imagine recent ways to explore a couple of planets. Future drone helicopters would possibly maybe maybe well presumably abet rovers or even astronauts by scoping out locations, exploring inaccessible areas, and shooting images. Ingenuity will also abet converse the make of Dragonfly, a car-size drone that NASA is planning to send to Saturn’s moon Titan in 2027.
What’s subsequent: In the following couple of weeks, Ingenuity will habits four more flights, each and each lasting as much as 90 seconds. Every is designed to additional push the boundaries of Ingenuity’s capabilities. Ingenuity is greatest designed to last for 30 Martian days, and is anticipated to end functioning spherical Would possibly presumably 4. Its last resting living will seemingly be within the Jezero Crater as NASA moves on to the major level of curiosity of its mission: getting the Perseverance rover to be taught about Mars for evidence of lifestyles.